We Need Your Data on Conservation Ag Practices

SARE: Aerial view of tractor plowing under cover crop in Maryland
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GUEST AUTHOR: Suzy Friedman | Senior Director, Agricultural Sustainability | Environmental Defense Fund | @FriedmanSuzy

This piece previously appeared EDF’s agriculture blog, Growing Returns. It appears here with permission. | @growingreturns


Before installing a new heating system for your home, you’d want to conduct an analysis to make sure it’s worth the money, right? The same logic applies to farming – before a producer considers implementing conservation practices or new technologies, he or she will need to know how those practices will affect an operation’s bottom line.

Despite some good anecdotal information and several isolated field trial studies, the reality is we don’t have nearly enough information on the economic impacts – good or bad – of individual conservation practices. That means we cannot yet make an ironclad business case that will persuade the majority of farmers to implement conservation practices.

There are several key reasons for the dearth of information, and that’s partly my fault.

I’m hoping you can look past this and consider my call to work together to collect the necessary data to strengthen the case. Our food, livelihoods and landscapes depend on it.

Someone else must be tracking the data, right?

For a number of years, my colleagues and I have been analyzing the big-picture costs and benefits of improving water quality in the Mississippi River Basin through practices like nutrient use efficiency, cover crops and filters (e.g., wetlands and buffers). Benefits include making farmland more resilient to the effects of droughts and floods, and reducing nitrogen fertilizer loss in order to improve water quality and reduce the severity of dead zones in the Gulf of Mexico.

A conservation partnership utilizing the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) has restored wetlands and wildlife habitats totaling more than 75,000 acres in Michigan, including filter strips on Jim and Deann Sattelberg’s farm in the Saginaw Bay watershed.

We simply assumed that someone else was documenting the economic value that accrued to farmers or landowners who implemented these important conservation practices.

We were wrong.

I realize now what a lost opportunity this has been – not just for farmers but also for fellow environmental groups, which too often focus on the environmental benefits of certain practices without considering the economic burden to farmers.  As a result, we ended up with ad hoc, limited and siloed data.

Looking for data

My colleagues and I are now banging on doors to find more information on the economic outcomes of agricultural conservation practices.

We found some great information from land grant universities and initiatives like Iowa’s On-Farm Network, NCGA’s Soil Health Partnership, and the Illinois Corn Growers Association, which is leading a fantastic project called Precision Conservation Management that incorporates stewardship into a financial management platform.

But these data are only a drop in the bucket of what we really need. Very few institutions or organizations have consistently collected the data needed to make the sustainability business case to farmers, and even fewer have collected this information long enough to be meaningful.

Most of the time, economic data are collected for a single practice, viewed in isolation and evaluated over too short a time frame.

We’re working on it – but need your help

I genuinely believe that conservation practices are good for farmers and landowners’ bottom lines. But faith isn’t a strong selling point, so I’m ready to dig in, roll up my sleeves and work with partners to piece together and develop the data we need to bring sustainable agriculture to scale.

This is no small task, and we can’t do it alone – so I’m asking for your help, farmers.

Do you have any data on how conservation practices affected your operation? Do you have a story to share that is backed up by numbers? Do you have any information sitting on your computer, or know where we can get more data?

I’d love to hear from you. Together, we can determine what conservation practices will mean for farmers’ economic well-being next year, in ten years, and in 20 years.


[Please consider supporting Food and Farm Discussion Lab with an  ongoing contribution of $1, $2, $3, $5 or $10 a month on Patreon. All contributors receive a subscription to our email newsletter the FAFDL Dispatch. ]

SARE: Grass strip waterway, Harford county, Maryland
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